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2024  N3-4(229-230)
The degree of veneration of Magtymguly among the people is truly unique. Poetry that inspires the whole nation and forms the basis of national self-awareness cannot but arouse keen interest. If we try to comprehend such an important aspect of modern life of the country as the philosophical and ideological foundations of the national Turkmen mentality in their interconnectedness with the history, roots and centuries-old traditions of the Turkmen people, then the best reflection of these concepts is best found in the creative work of the thinker, poet and educator Magtymguly Fraghi. That is why it is easy to understand why the Turkmen national celebration of the birth anniversary of the genius of national literature is smoothly turning into an international poetry festival.
It is no coincidence that the birth anniversary of the genius of Turkmen poetry found the greatest response outside his native land, in Russia, a country with great literary traditions, where people love and honour the manifestation of poetic genius.
In fact, the Embassy of Turkmenistan in the Russian Federation organized a round table dedicated to the 300th anniversary of the birth of the classic of Turkmen literature and thinker of the East, Magtymguly Fraghi, jointly with the society of Turkmen students studying at the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MSIIR). It was attended by the head of the Turkmen diplomatic mission in Russia, Esen Aydogdyev, MSIIR vice-rector for youth policy, social work and international relations Stanislav Surovtsev, as well as scientists, academic staff and students of the elite metropolitan educational institution. In the course of exchange of views, the meeting participants emphasized the artistic, humanistic and moral value of the literary heritage of the classical poet, as well as his special role in upbringing the younger generation of his country.
Later, the “round table” moved to the MGIMO atrium that accommodated the photo exhibition titled “The country that Magtymguly Fraghi dreamed of” as well as an exhibition of decorative and applied arts, paintings and books telling about the history and current achievements of Turkmenistan.
In the meantime, the Lipetsk regional organization of the all-Russian public organization “Union of Writers of Russia” held the international scientific conference titled “The influence of Magtymguly Fraghi on Russian literature” dedicated to 300th anniversary of the birth of the classic of Turkmen literature. It was organized jointly with the Presidential Academy of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA) with the support of the Embassy of Turkmenistan in the Russian Federation, Scientists from Turkmenistan, Russia, Uzbekistan and Pakistan took part in the conference in person and online. They were joined by scientists, teachers and students of RANEPA branches in the regions of the Russian Federation. Many students from Turkmenistan studying at the higher education establishments of the Lipetsk region also took part in the forum. The speakers noted that in many countries of the world, including the Russian Federation, they know and love the works by Magtymguly, and there are many admirers, specialists and experts of the classic of Turkmen literature and the thinker of the East, who in his works glorified patriotism, humanism, justice, and friendship of peoples. In this sense, Magtymguly Fraghi was an internationalist in the highest and purest sense of the word.
A concert marking the 300th anniversary of the birth of the classic of Turkmen literature and the great thinker of the East Magtymguly Fraghi was held at the museum and exhibition complex of the Russian Academy of Arts with the support of the Embassy of Turkmenistan in the Russian Federation.
The concert became an important event in the Moscow calendar of events with participation of cultural and artistic figures of the Russian Federation and Turkmenistan that were arranged by the organizing committee of the VIII Moscow International Arts Festival “Sounds of Dutar” named after Nury Khalmamedov, featuring a rich program in celebration of the 300th anniversary of the birth of the great Turkmen poet and philosopher.
Representatives of the diplomatic corps of the CIS countries accredited in Moscow, members of international organizations and activists of the Turkmen community of the Russian capital were the honorary guests of the event. The program included vocal compositions of the world and Russian musical treasury. The audience was particularly delighted to listen to the works by Turkmen composers Nury Khalmamedov and Chary Nurymov based on the poems by the classics of Turkmen literature Magtymguly and Mollanepes, as well as modern Turkmen poets Khadzhi Kakalyev and Ata Atajanov. The performance by the soloist of the Ashgabat Helikon Opera theatre, Daria Huseynova, received a standing ovation from the audience. She performed the mono-opera “Monologues of Magtymguly Fraghi” by composer Mamed Huseynov.
Yet, the meeting of admirers of high poetry at the All-Russian State Library of Foreign Literature named after. M. I. Rudomino was, perhaps, the most striking event of the celebration of Magtymguly’s birth anniversary in Russia. They gathered for an international scientific conference “Turkmen poet, philosopher and thinker of the East Magtymguly Fraghi’s contribution to the world literature”. The conference became an important component in a series of events in Russia dedicated to the 300th anniversary of the birth of the classic of Turkmen literature that were held with the support of the Turkmen diplomatic mission.
Speaking at the conference, the representatives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation, foreign diplomats accredited in Moscow, Russian and Turkmen writers, poets, and literary scholars noted that Magtymguly Fraghi’s importance for Turkmen literature is comparable to the significance of Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin for Russian literature. A true patriot of his Fatherland, Magtymguly took close to his heart all the hardships and suffering of his country. That is why his poem found their way to the hearts of all Turkmens. To this day, Magtymguly Fraghi’s literary heritage remains a fundamental element of the national identity of the Turkmen people.
The intonation poetry of the conference was emphasized by the recitation of Magtymguly’s poems as well as the musical accompaniment. Professional musicians sang songs and romances by Turkmen composers based on Magtymguly’s poetry. An impromptu exhibition of works of modern Turkmen fine art at the Oval Hall of the library helped the participants of the event to immerse themselves in the trusting atmosphere of genuine national spirit. The guests of the conference praised the skills of folk artists of Turkmenistan Kurbangeldy Kurbanov, Annadurdy Muradalyev, Allaberdy Amangeldyev, Honored Artist Kossekmurad Nurmuradov and other famous authors.
The ceremonial presentation of books with Magtymguly Fraghi poetry published in many languages of the world to the main Russian repository of foreign literature was a deeply symbolic event, testifying to the inviolability of the spiritual bonds of Turkmen and Russian literatures. General Director of the All-Russian State Library of Foreign Literature named after M. I. Rudomino Pavel Kuzmin received precious volumes from the head of the Turkmen diplomatic mission, Esen Aydogdyev.
A genuine celebration of poetry (and this is exactly what the scientific conference ultimately became) could not but end with the primordial national celebration tradition – tasting the dishes of the authentic national cuisine to the accompaniment of folk songs and dances.
Following the Russians, the relay button of the celebration of Turkmen poetry was picked up by residents of the Republic of Belarus. A literary soiree dedicated to the celebration of the 300th anniversary of the birth of the great Turkmen poet and thinker Magtymguly Fraghi took place at the House of Writers in the capital of Belarus.
The literary event was organized jointly by the Union of Writers of the Republic of Belarus and the Turkmen diplomatic mission. It was held under the hospitable arches of the halls of the House of Writers, bringing together activists of the art community, writers and diplomats, Turkmen students studying at the higher education establishments in Minsk and representatives of national diasporas of the Belarusian capital. The guests were greeted by Chairman of the Union of Writers of Belarus Ales Karlyukovich, famous national poets Kazimir Kameisha, Naum Galperovich, Viktor Shnip.
Opening the evening, Ales Karlyukevich told the participants of the event that on the occasion of the 300th birth anniversary of the genius of Turkmen literature the Union of Writers of Belarus and the Zvezda Publishing House prepared a number of materials about the work and life path of Magtymguly Fraghi for printing and publishing online, as well as new translations of his poems into Belarusian. Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Turkmenistan to the Republic of Belarus Nazarguly Shagulyev informed the audience that Turkmenistan declared 2024 the year of “Fount of Wisdom of Magtymguly Fraghi” for popularization of the literary and philosophical heritage of the great national poet and thinker. As part of this action, thematic events are being held all over the world to popularize the works by the genius of Turkmen literature.
Magtymguly’s inspirational lines were recited that evening in Turkmen, Belarusian and Russian languages. Turkmen songs on the verses of the national poet sounded through the centuries with a magical poetic message. The video fragments about the nature and cultural traditions of Turkmenistan prepared by the organizers of the evening, as well as the exhibitions of thematic publications and products of authentic decorative and applied art presented at the House of Writers helped visitors to plunge into the national atmosphere of the land that gave the world a brilliant poet.


©Turkmenistan Analytic magazine, 2005