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2024  N3-4(229-230)
POLITICS
GUIDED BY THE PRINCIPLES OF GOOD NEIGHBORLINESS
The national leader of the Turkmen people, Chairman of the Khalk Maslakhaty of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov paid the official visit to Tajikistan. This fact emphasized the importance of the event for both sides, as it was intended not only to confirm the intention to continue the well-established forms and areas of cooperation but also give them a new qualitative impetus.
There are all the prerequisites for this. Ashgabat and Dushanbe always emphasize the fraternal nature of relations between the two states and peoples, noting their historical, cultural closeness, common traditions and spiritual values. Over the years, cooperation between Turkmenistan and Tajikistan has been developing steadily, covering almost all the most important areas in political, economic, cultural and humanitarian spheres. And it should be emphasized that the key role in creating and strengthening the foundation of bilateral relations rightfully belongs to Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov and Emomali Rahmon, who at one time gave new positive impulses to relations between the two countries and managed to adjust their focus and make them specific. There is now a clear continuity of established principles in the Turkmen-Tajik relations.
Strengthening partnership and coordination of approaches to the situation in Central Asia are the key area of the interstate dialogue in the foreign policies of the two countries. The format of consultative meetings of Central Asian states at the highest level are an effective and fruitful embodiment of such interaction that makes it possible to effectively exchange views in the timely manner on the current situation in the region and find common decisions. Based on the common objectives on fundamental issues, Turkmenistan and Tajikistan are committed to ensuring stability and security in Central Asia and neighbouring states in close cooperation with other states of the region, using the economic and resource potential of the countries of the region to increase their competitiveness, successful integration into global economic relations, creating conditions for a technological breakthrough and broad cultural interaction.
The situation in Afghanistan is traditionally high on the bilateral agenda. Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov confirmed Turkmenistan’s position on the importance of strengthening the regional factor when developing approaches to the Afghan issue, while focusing on the challenges and threats to the regional security and stability in the context of development of the situation in neighbouring regions and countries. The point is about strengthening interaction between Afghanistan’s neighbouring states, since they are most interested in the soonest establishment of peace and harmony in this country.
Given the global instability, Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov proposed to define efforts and establish effective coordination mechanisms for international cooperation, promote the universally recognized norms of international law and seek the restoration of trust and predictability.
Turkmenistan and Tajikistan have extensive experience of joint work through well-known international organizations, such as the United Nations, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, the Commonwealth of Independent States and the Economic Cooperation Organization. Speaking about this, the national leader of the Turkmen people noted with satisfaction that Tajikistan co-sponsored 24 resolutions of the UN General Assembly and other initiatives put forward by Turkmenistan, and also participates in the Group of Friends on Sustainable Transport at the UN.
In this context, Tajikistan’s support for the development of a Global Security Strategy initiated by Turkmenistan at the 78th session of the UN General Assembly that is based on UN principles and universally recognized norms of international law will play a significant role. For Central Asia, this document, in its regional perspective, can play an important stabilizing role and open up good political, legal and diplomatic prospects for a systemic dialogue with the UN on security issues.
The trade-economic sphere is the second key vector of bilateral partnership. In this regard, the national leader of the Turkmen people confirmed Turkmenistan’s interest in further intensifying cooperation with Tajikistan in this area. It was noted that bilateral interaction covers such priority areas as trade, transport and communications, fuel and energy complex, industry, agriculture, environmental protection, contacts between economic structures, etc.
In particular, this is about the establishment of the Tajikistan – Uzbekistan – Turkmenistan – Iran – Turkey transport route, as well as the opportunity of creating a multimodal transport corridor from China to Turkmenistan through the territories of Tajikistan and Uzbekistan with access to the ports of the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf.
“We have a lot of opportunities for the effective implementation of mutual trade potential,” Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov said. He emphasized that the activities of the Joint Turkmen-Tajik Intergovernmental Commission on trade, economic, scientific and technical cooperation are important in this matter. Along with this, he suggested intensifying the implementation of agreements on the opening of trading houses in both countries.
The energy sector is also one of the possible areas of cooperation. This refers to the export of Turkmen electricity and natural gas to Tajikistan through the territory of Uzbekistan. As was noted, this topic was already discussed with President Emomali Rahmon at a meeting in Ashgabat in August last year as part of the Summit of the Presidents of Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
During the talks with the Tajik leadership, Chairman of the Khalk Maslakhaty of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov naturally paid special attention to the interaction of the legislative bodies of the two countries, which is a vital and integral part of the development of comprehensive interstate cooperation.
A lot has been done through joint efforts in recent years. A stable inter-parliamentary dialogue has been established, mechanisms for professional communication have become operational, and the two countries regularly exchange delegations. The parliamentary Friendship Groups created in both countries play a major role in this area.
The Turkmen-Tajik interparliamentary relations make a significant contribution to strengthening peace and stability in Central Asia. The participation of parliamentarians in various regional forums is aimed at creating favourable legal prerequisites and conditions for the successful progress of political, economic and humanitarian cooperation. Their work cements and enriches traditional diplomatic mechanisms of interaction.
The mechanisms of multilateral parliamentary diplomacy and involvement of partners and colleagues from other regions and states are becoming increasingly important. Such work began two years ago on a systematic basis. In this period, a number of significant interparliamentary forums were held in Ashgabat.
In the year of the 300th anniversary of the birth of Magtymguly Fragi, this topic naturally came up. Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov informed the leadership of Tajikistan about the decision to hold an International Forum of Heads of State and Government in Ashgabat on October 11, 2024, to celebrate this occasion. “According to our vision, this will be a summit of politicians, in which leaders of various countries and well-known international organizations will take part,” the Chairman of the Khalk Maslakhaty noted. He also said that the President of Turkmenistan sent an invitation to President Emomali Rahmon, noting that the Turkmen side looks forward to his personal participation in this meeting.
As Chairman of the Khalk Maslakhaty of Turkmenistan noted, the Magtymguly Fragi cultural and park complex is currently being built in the southern part of Ashgabat, on the territory of which monuments to famous thinkers, poets and writers from different countries will be installed, including a monument to the Tajik medieval poet, Saido Nasafi Mirobid. This will become a symbol of eternal friendship between the Turkmen and Tajik peoples, Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov said.
An impressive set of bilateral documents was signed on the outcomes of the visit. These include agreements on cooperation in foreign policy, education, construction and architecture, and science. And one more result of the visit is that the brainchild of Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov – the city of Arkadag – found a sister city in the person of Tajik city of Khujand.

Serdar DURDYEV


©Turkmenistan Analytic magazine, 2005