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2023  N9-10(222-224)
COOPERATION
COMPONENTS OF PARTNERSHIP DEVELOPMENT
As part of his working visit to Berlin, the national leader of the Turkmen people, Chairman of the Khalk Maslakhaty (People’s Council) of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov took part in the meeting of the head of Germany with the heads of Central Asian states.
The talks were held at the residence of the Federal President of the Federal Republic of Germany, attended by President of the Federal Republic of Germany Frank-Walter Steinmeier, President of Kazakhstan Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, President of Kyrgyzstan Sadyr Japarov, President of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon and President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev.
Speaking at the meeting, Chairman Khalk Maslakhaty noted that Turkmenistan welcomes the initiative to create a new multilateral format of cooperation and stands ready to expand partnerships in all areas of mutual interest. Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov emphasized that issues relating to security, socio-economic development, ecology, as well as humanization of international relations are the most pressing among modern problems.
Touching upon economic development, the head of the People’s Council singled out energy, transport, the financial sector, digitalization and introduction of “green” technologies as promising areas for cooperation. Speaking about prospects for cooperation in the trade and economic sphere between the countries of Central Asia and Germany, he emphasized the great potential of national economies, as well as the demand for the German industrial, technological and investment capacities in the Central Asian region.
Then, the heads of the delegations of the Central Asian states and Germany exchanged views on conceptual issues relating to development of multilateral trade and economic contacts and enhancing the dialogue in the humanitarian sphere.
After the talks, the Chairman of the Khalk Maslakhaty of Turkmenistan participated in the meeting of delegations of Central Asian countries with the Eastern Economic Committee of Germany at Adlon Kempisnki Berlin Hotel. The sides had a lively exchange of views on the development of partnership between the Central Asian states and Germany in various sectors of the economy, ecology as well as the cultural and humanitarian sphere.
Speaking at the meeting, the head of the People’s Council referred to the gas and electricity industries as important areas of cooperation. According to him, Turkmenistan focuses on increasing the gas production capacity and expanding a multi-variant gas transportation infrastructure to ensure supplies of Turkmen natural gas to international markets. He confirmed Turkmenistan’s firm position on gas supplies to Europe through the construction of the Trans-Caspian gas pipeline.
The meeting discussed prospects for six-party cooperation and expanding trade and economic relations through the implementation of new projects in various sectors of the economy. Summing up the results of the meeting, the sides expressed confidence in the progressive development of the dialogue of the new format of cooperation “Central Asia – Germany”, which meets the state interests and priorities of the socio-economic development of the countries participating in this format.
Then, the heads of delegations of the Central Asian states met with the head of the German government, Olaf Scholz, at the office of the Federal Chancellor of Germany. During the talks, the sides exchanged views on ensuring sustainable economic growth of the participating countries of the new format of cooperation and expanding interstate trade and economic relations. Particular attention was paid to expanding investment cooperation.
Speaking at the talks, the head of the People’s Council of Turkmenistan noted that the countries of the Central Asian region are interested in implementing projects together with European partners in exporting their energy resources, products of the petrochemical and textile industries, agriculture and other goods. He also emphasized the relevance of importing high-tech products from Germany, capital inflow, as well as obtaining technological and digital competencies in the field of industry, science and vocational training.
During the talks, the sides emphasized that promising joint projects could become the driving force of economic interaction and help strengthen fruitful cooperation in the “Central Asia – Germany” format. According to the meeting participants, identifying new vectors of partnership, primarily in the trade sphere, transport and transit sector will give impetus to six-party interaction and strengthen the foundation of relations between states.
As part of the working visit to Germany, Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov also met with Vice-Chancellor, Federal Minister of Economics and Climate Protection of Germany Robert Habeck. During the meeting, the sides discussed the pace of development of bilateral partnership in the energy sector. According to the sides, there are opportunities for participation of German companies in projects to modernize existing and construct new facilities of the oil and gas and gas chemical complexes of Turkmenistan, develop oil and gas resources on the Caspian shelf, as well as build the Trans-Caspian gas pipeline.
During the meeting, the head of the People’s Council invited Vice-Chancellor Robert Habeck to visit Turkmenistan in the near future to discuss bilateral cooperation in the field of the economy and climate change. Having accepted the invitation with gratitude, the Federal Minister of Economics and Climate Protection of Germany expressed confidence in the further successful development of interstate relations in various areas.
A meeting with Federal Chancellor of Germany Olaf Scholz was an important part of the visit by Chairman of the People’s Council of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov to Germany.
The sides confirmed their interest in bringing the Turkmen-German partnership to a qualitatively new level in line with modern realities. During the talks, the sides paid special attention to cooperation in the energy sector. In particular, they discussed prospects of the German companies’ participation in development of the fuel and energy complex of Turkmenistan by attracting capital and technological competencies from Germany, providing services, supplying equipment and constructing new facilities in this area. In this regard, the sides noted the relevance of developing the Caspian shelf, building on the existing experience of cooperation with large German companies, in particular Wintershall and RWE. Chairman of the Khalk Maslakhaty confirmed Ashgabat’s readiness to consider specific proposals from German partners and create the necessary conditions for their successful work in Turkmenistan.
During the meeting, the importance of construction of the Trans-Caspian gas pipeline and organization of supplies of Turkmen natural gas to Europe was emphasized. In this context, Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov announced Turkmenistan’s commitment to this project and its intention to resume dialogue on this issue with the relevant structures of the European Commission and individual European states, among which Germany occupies an important place. At the end of the meeting, the Chairman of the Khalk Maslakhaty of Turkmenistan and the head of the Federal Government of Germany confirmed their strong desire to further expand the multifaceted Turkmen-German cooperation.
In parallel to the working visit to Germany by Chairman of the Khalk Maslakhaty of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, there was held the Turkmen-German business forum in Berlin. The forum participants discussed the state of bilateral relations and outlined the main vectors for development of cooperation in various sectors of the economy.
It was noted at the forum that to date 196 investment projects and contracts with participation of German capital worth about 1.6 billion US dollars have been registered in Turkmenistan. In their statements, representatives of Turkmenistan noted the innovative component of the economic reforms, favorable investment climate and favorable conditions for the activities of foreign companies.
In turn, the speakers from the German side expressed their readiness to offer Turkmen partners their advanced and innovative technologies in construction, transport, communications and energy sectors, the agro-industrial complex and the financial and banking sector.
Chairman of the Khalk Maslakhaty of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov spoke at the business forum. In his opinion, the mutual potential of cooperation between the two countries can be used much more effectively, primarily taking into account the diversification of the economy of Turkmenistan, the widespread introduction of high-tech industries and the dynamic development of infrastructure.
Within the framework of the Turkmen-German business forum that was held in a constructive manner the representatives of ministries and departments, public and private companies of the two countries also held bilateral meetings, during which they discussed prospects for development of cooperation and identified areas for joint work.
An impressive package of documents was signed on the sidelines of the business forum, including interdepartmental agreements aimed at further expanding partnerships between the foreign policy structures of the two countries, in the transport and communications sector, namely in shipbuilding, in the field of railway transport, as well as in such areas as water management, chemical industry, industrial and construction production. There were also signed contracts between members of the Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs of Turkmenistan and leading companies of the Federal Republic of Germany.

Amangeldy NURMURADOV


©Turkmenistan Analytic magazine, 2005