IN THE NAME OF TRUST AND STABILITY
The international conference “Policy of Peace and Trust – Foundation of International Security, Stability and Development” marking the 26th anniversary of the permanent neutrality of Turkmenistan and International Day of Neutrality was the most important political event in Turkmenistan. The forum was held in Ashgabat in December 2021. It became emblematic for the year proclaimed by the UN General Assembly the International Year of Peace and Trust. The conference was attended by President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov.
The conference brought together members of the Turkmen parliament, the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan, heads of international and regional organizations, diplomatic missions and representative offices of international organizations in Ashgabat, rectors of higher education establishments of Turkmenistan, representatives of national mass media, as well as foreign journalists accredited in Turkmenistan.
In his speech, President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov emphasized that the principles of peacefulness, trust, openness to dialogue are organically inherent in the foundation of Turkmenistan’s foreign policy - permanent neutrality. The President of Turkmenistan also emphasized the importance of creating a new philosophy of international relations based on clearly defined political criteria, healthy, positive pragmatism, universally recognized and understandable human values.
The conference participants listened to the speeches by Secretary General of the Economic Cooperation Organization Khusrav Noziri, Secretary General of the Organization of Turkic States Baghdad Amreev, Secretary General of the International Organization of Turkic Culture (TURKSOY) Dusen Kaseinov, Special Representative of the UN Secretary General for Central Asia, Head of the UN Regional Center for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia Natalia German, UN Resident Coordinator in Turkmenistan Dmitry Shlapachenko and Head of the OSCE Center in Ashgabat John MacGregor.
The first part of the conference concluded with the ceremony of signing an impressive set of documents comprising 26 multilateral acts. They include the Work Plans for 2022 signed between the relevant structures of Turkmenistan and the UNICEF office in Turkmenistan on the implementation of the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) program for Turkmenistan for 2021-2025; the Work Plan for 2022-2024 of the Ministry of Finance and Economy of Turkmenistan with the United Nations Development Program office in Turkmenistan within the framework of the regional project “Creation of a Platform for Sustainable Development Goals in Central Asia” as part of the section on Turkmenistan of the European Union-UN Joint Regional Cooperation Program; the Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) office in Turkmenistan; a new edition of the program of the grant agreement between the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan and the United Nations Development Program in Turkmenistan on the exit of National Tuberculosis Programme of Turkmenistan from the support of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria by 2024; the Work Plan for 2022 between the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan and the United Nations Population Fund on the implementation of the project “Improving Universal Access to High-Quality Age-Related Medical Services”; the Work Plan for 2022 between the Ministry of Sports and Youth Policy of Turkmenistan and the United Nations Population Fund for the implementation of the project “Strengthening Mechanisms for Youth Participation in the Implementation of the National Youth Policy of Turkmenistan, Promoting Gender Equality for 2021-2025”; the Work Plan for 2022 of the Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection of Turkmenistan with the UNDP office in Turkmenistan for the implementation of the project “Sustainable Cities in Turkmenistan: Integrated Development of Green Cities in Ashgabat and Avaza”; the Work Plan for 2022 of the Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection of Turkmenistan with the UNDP office in Turkmenistan on the implementation of the UNDP program to ensure the sustainability of socio-economic indicators related to the impact of climate on the population employed in agriculture in the dry regions of Turkmenistan; the Program of the Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection of Turkmenistan with the UNDP office in Turkmenistan for 2022-2024 to improve the national process of planning the adaptation of the UNDP program in Turkmenistan; the Framework Program on Cooperation in Turkmenistan for 2021-2025 between the government of Turkmenistan and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; the Agreement between the government of Turkmenistan and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations on the joint implementation of the project “Improving the Efficiency of Small Cattle Breeding to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions”; the Work Plan for 2022 of the State Committee on Statistics of Turkmenistan with the United Nations Population Fund for implementation of the project “Disaggregated Population Data for Sustainable Development”; the Work Plan for 2022 between the Institute of State, Law and Democracy of Turkmenistan and the United Nations Population Fund for implementation of the project “Support to Strengthen the System and Mechanisms for Promoting Gender Equality”; the Memorandum of Understanding between the government of Turkmenistan and the UN on cooperation in the field of reducing the impact of climate change and adaptation to it.
In the afternoon, the international conference “Policy of Peace and Trust – Foundation of International Security, Stability and Development”continued in three thematic plenary sessions with online participation of leaders and representatives of many well-known international and regional organizations.
The very names of the sessions – “Policy of Peace and Trust: Neutrality and Preventive Diplomacy in Peacebuilding”, “Inextricable Link between Culture of Peace and Sustainable Development Agenda”, “Humanitarian Dimension of Processes of Establishment of Common Culture of Peace and Trust” – predetermined the key directions and themes of discussions. In their speeches and video messages, the forum participants presented a comprehensive assessment of the role and importance of the status of Turkmenistan’s neutrality in ensuring peace and global security.
As was noted, the permanent neutrality that underlies the foreign policy of Turkmenistan contributed to the development of friendly relations with all interested partners, both individual countries of the world and major international and regional organizations, ensured the domestic political stability, defining the mindset of the Turkmen people, for whom conflict-free development and national unity have become conditions for a peaceful and prosperous life.
Guided by the universally recognized legal status of permanent neutrality, Turkmenistan fully supports efforts of the international community in maintaining and strengthening peace, security and sustainable development, as well as universal human values.
Highly appreciating the proactive position of Turkmenistan in consolidating the efforts of the international community for development of balanced solutions to the problems of our time, the conference participants expressed shared confidence that it would contribute to greater understanding of the growing role and importance of the institution of neutrality in the modern world and, in particular, for the study of Turkmenistan’s experience that uses its favorable geopolitical and geo-economic potential for the sake of sustainable development and progress of all mankind.
The thematic sessions of the Forum of Peace and Trust that offered an open platform for discussions of key international issues and important vectors of multilateral cooperation finished with exchange of views at the round table that resulted in the adoption of the final document.