2017  N3-4(144-145)
It so happens that political or economic aspects of international cooperation have periods of upturn and downturn because everything depends on the subjective interests of the sides. However, there is also human communication that never stops. It is about the sphere of culture, art and folk traditions, i.e. everything attracting unabated interest of people. It is very important to note that the process of development and enhancement of cultural and humanitarian relations between Turkmenistan and Russia is guided by the official agreements between the governments of the two countries and patronized personally by the heads of state.
That is why it is not by chance that cultural actions regularly conducted by Turkmenistan and Russia in the partner territories are invariably popular. One can hardly recall the precise number of Days of Culture of Turkmenistan in Russia and reciprocal activities in Turkmenistan held over the years after establishment of diplomatic relations. In addition, individual cultural events that regularly boost the humanitarian dialogue between the two countries are extremely diverse.
The most recent events include Days of Culture of the Russian Federation in Turkmenistan held last fall. The action was officially launched at the Palace of Mukams in the Turkmen capital. Speaking at the opening ceremony, Minister of Culture of the Russian Federation Vladimir Medinsky expressed confidence that it would serve strengthening the historically close friendly relations between the peoples of Turkmenistan and Russia.
In the evening, the dance group of the legendary State Academic Folk Dance Ensemble named after Moiseyev demonstrated unsurpassed skills on the stage of the palace. The artists masterly performed Russian, Kalmyk, Moldavian, Uzbek, Mexican and other dances of the peoples of the world, winning a storm of applause from the delightful spectators. The dance group consisted of highly professional dancers able to perform complex choreographic tasks at a high artistic level. This was perfectly evidenced by the brilliant performance of the Turkmen dance by the ensemble artists as a surprise of the evening. Dressed in Turkmen national costumes, they demonstrated their proficiency to transform and their skills in the art of dance. As part of Days of Culture of the Russian Federation in Turkmenistan, Russian dancers gave one more concert and master classes for students of the choreographic school and dance groups of Ashgabat.
Days of Turkmen Culture in the Russian Federation are no less colorful for the Russian public. Two years ago, it became an important event in the cultural life of the cities of Moscow and Vladimir.
In Moscow, Days of Culture of Turkmenistan in Russia opened with a gala concert of the best Turkmen singers at the theater of folk music and song "Zolotoye Koltso". As part of the cultural action, the All-Russia Museum of Decorative, Applied and Folk Art hosted an exhibition of works of arts and crafts and museum values of Turkmenistan. There was also held a meeting of Russian and Turkmen writers and poets. Days of Culture finished in the old center of Russian culture, the city of Vladimir, with a gala concert of the masters of arts of Turkmenistan jointly with the State vocal choreographic ensemble "Rus" of the Vladimir philharmonic society.
A large-scale action on exchanging the exhibitions between the Russian State Museum of Oriental Art and the Museum of Fine Arts of Turkmenistan was one of the memorable events of the fruitful cooperation between the humanitarian agencies of the two countries.
Initially, the Russian museum exhibited in Ashgabat a unique exposition of works by the outstanding Russian artists of the 20th century, such as Nikolai and Svyatoslav Roerich. The exposition presented 55 paintings under the symbolic name "Uniting the Nations", reflecting the thrust of the philosophical and scientific views, creative and social activities of Nikolai and Svyatoslav Roerich.
The scale and content of the exhibition "Nikolai and Svyatoslav Roerich: Uniting the Nations" helped visitors to plunge into the boundless world of creative imagination of the outstanding masters. Driven by the desire to change the world through art, the painters boldly used unconventional forms, colors and spaces in their works of art, offering viewers their vision of the world around them. They had the rare opportunity to get in touch with the works by the prominent Russian enlighteners at the exhibition halls in the Turkmen capital.
A year later, the State Museum of Oriental Art hosted a three-week exhibition called "Painting of Turkmenistan. Melodies of the Turkmen soul". Sixty paintings by fifty-nine masters led visitors through the picturesque history of development of national fine arts of the second half of the past and beginning of this century. This history proved so imaginative and fascinating that no visitor remained indifferent. The exhibition was equally interesting to specialists - artists and art historians and to ordinary visitors - admirers of fine art.
Most of the reciprocal cultural actions are held under the interstate agreements. They are reflected annually in the work plans of the Intergovernmental Commission. However, the mutual attraction of the peoples of the two countries to cultural values is so great that the humanitarian dialogue continues not only according to the official plans but also through numerous public associations.
In fact, this has become a tradition that popular Russian artists perform at the concerts in Turkmenistan, as well as during celebrations of the important social and political events in the life of the country. One can recall Russian singers' performance at the opening and closing ceremonies of the Asian Games-2017 in Ashgabat, at the concert in honor of the international congress "Asian Games 2017: International Sport Cooperation for Peace and Progress" in Avaza national resort zone.
In turn, the Russian Academy of Arts held the Moscow International Music Festival "Sounds of Dutar" named after Nury Khalmamedov in the last three years. Last fall, this festival brought together guests and participants from a dozen countries. President and founder of the Russian Academy of Arts Zurab Tsereteli, while remaining loyal to his mission as the UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador, consistently follows the tradition of rendering all-round support for the international cultural dialogue and interpenetration of national cultures.
Popularization of the Turkmen culture, vividly manifested through classical music, is the main objective of the festival. The festival is seen as the means of international communication that creates conditions for cooperation of musicians from different countries, provides the synthesis of ethnic and academic arts in the modern world and integrates professional national music into the treasury of the world musical culture.
Playing the national stringed instrument - Dutar - created the melodic and rhythmic foundations of the Turkmen national musical art, and therefore it is no coincidence that the festival was named after the folk musical instrument. The music forum also carries the name of composer Nury Khalmamedov, the most outstanding representative of the Turkmen classical music school, who elevated folk tunes to the heights of world culture.
Last season, the cultural program of the festival was eventful as never before. In addition to the music performances, there was held an international scientific and practical conference titled "Interdependence of National Cultures in the Context of Musical Art". On the final day of the festival, the final gala concert was preceded by the exhibition of works by the People's Artist of the USSR and Turkmenistan Izzat Klychev, dedicated to the 95th birthday of the unrivaled master of painting. The program of the final day of the festival also included the presentation of the book "Music of Peace, Music of Friendship and Brotherhood" by President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov.
All these impressive events of cultural life provide a multi-color, polyphonic picture of the continuous human cultural dialogue, when reciprocal messages come from the heart. This is their lasting and true value.